A Brief History of Liverpool

Whilst archaeological evidence shows that we had a fishing group on the banks of the Mersey estuary, in the location we today call Liverpool, dating to the first century AD, it is not until 1190 that the very first documented comment about the community is created. At that time it had been recognized as Liuerpul or maybe Lifer Pol, which just meant muddy creek. Just before it’s believed the title Elver pool was utilized, creating a relationship with the massive amount of eels in the Mersey estuary.



The reputation of Liverpool is, obviously, inextricably connected to which of the role of its on the improvement and also the Mersey of the port and most of the industry as well as wealth it brought to the community. Though not used in the Doomsday guide by 1207 the city had developed adequately for King John to send out letters of patent establishing Liverpool as a borough as well as port.

This in itself triggered fast expansion of the city getting newcomers who might make in the brand new borough, a weekly market was rapidly developed then an annual fair may also be kept. Of course King John had the own self-seeking explanations of his for starting the port of Liverpool, he required a handy port being his supplies and males to and from the freshly conquered Liverpool and Ireland was ideally situated. To garrison the soldiers a castle was built, that had been finished in 1235. Throughout 1229 the King granted Liverpool a charter to organise a Merchant’s Guild, making it possible for the town’s guildsmen to elect a leader to work the city.


Nevertheless, it is not until 1351 which a Mayor is initially mentioned in Liverpool, before that the leader will have been known as a Reeve. By the 14th century Liverpool had expanded, the population of its of between 500 as well as thousand would’ve made it a big city for all those times. Together with the increased public came an influx of craftsmen plus tradesmen like brewers, bakers, butchers, carpenters and blacksmiths. The area fishing industry would remain vital but there’d be a rise in agriculture that is local to help you nourish the population. At this particular time the primary industry with the port was skins and hides from Ireland with coal as well as Iron ore being exported to Ireland.

Civil War

By the time of the English Civil War the population of Liverpool had reached 2500. The city didn’t fare well throughout the war, originally supporting the King it had been taken over by Parliamentarian troops in 1643. Immediately after, in 1644, Prince Rupert attacked the city and also the Parliamentarian troops fled by sea, making the townsfolk to protect themselves. Regardless of a fierce fight Rupert won as well as laid the city to waste, killing a lot of the inhabitants.

Later on that season, after the fight of Marston Moor, the whole of the north of England returned to The city and parliamentarian management began to re build itself. By 1673 trade with the emerging American colonies was burgeoning bringing a heightened prosperity which helped seo Liverpool to create a brand new city hall. Throughout 1699 2 major events happened for Liverpool; for starters it had been made right into a parish allowing it to construct churches rather compared to chapels and the’ Liverpool Merchant’ ship set sail for Africa and was becoming the very first ship on the triangular slave trade path between West Africa, England and America.

Perhaps even by 1715 businesses in the port had increased to such an extent that the very first damp dock of Britain was created there to support the expansion in trade.

18th Century

It’s in the 18th century that the story of the port of Liverpool gets substantial in the expansion as well as advancement of the city. Generally there may be no question that Liverpool prospered out of the slave trade, exporting cotton products as well as hardware to Africa, where ships and then took on slaves for the West and american Indies colonies. They’d later go back with sugar, rum, tobacco as well as raw cotton which was mostly created with that slave work.

The population rapidly expanded, by 1750 it had been around 20,000 and also by the conclusion of the century it had been approaching 80,000. Although the very poor resided in appalling circumstances the merchants in addition to individuals that are rich were living in a manner rivalled solely by which of London, for them Liverpool was viewed as being “…. an extremely rich trading town… with homes of brick as well as stone…… having roadways which seem quite handsome.”


Even though the total abolition of slavery was nonetheless a several years out, it’s declared by the beginning of the 19th century forty % of the world’s industry was passing by Liverpool port. Processing and manufacturing industries began to start in as well as near Liverpool utilising the imports being brought to the city; like iron foundries, cup or soap manufacture. The blend of industry with the port and also the fresh production industries spurred an additional stage of development for Liverpool.


Throughout 1830 the Liverpool and also Manchester Railway was opened, speeding delivery of the imported raw materials to manufacturing Manchester. At this particular moment Liverpool began being utilized when the embarkation point for emigres to the’ New World’. In the following hundred years more than nine million folks sailed from Liverpool. The Stanley as well as Albert docks were integrated the 1840s, significantly increasing the factory capability of the port. Swelled by immigrants from the Irish potato famines, by the mid 19th century the population of Liverpool was more than 400,000, the season it turned into a community – 1880 – it’d arrived at an impressive 611,000.

20th Century

The twentieth century saw the population carry on and climb, unavoidably causing increasing poverty as trade with the port started to drop. In the depression of the 1930s one third of the population was unemployed. During World War II the community was bombed predominantly with 50 % the housing stock damaged, though a substantial re building programme following the war was able to eradicate a lot of the slum casing which was subsequently in the community. In between the 1931 as well as 2001 census the population declined from 855,000 to 440,000.


In the 1960’s the title Liverpool started to be associated with’ pop’ music, primarily due to the word used to jointly explain the numerous well known bands from the community, the Merseysound and also, obviously, The Beatles particularly. Towards the conclusion of the twentieth century Liverpool experienced poorly in the common economic downturn of the county. Nevertheless, it’s currently re-establishing itself through its tourism and heritage.